Tag: Association

Jobs and Market Place – Alabama Association of Nonprofits, non profit association.#Non #profit #association


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For years hundreds of nonprofits have relied on our Nonprofit Career Center as their primary recruitment tool in seeking the brightest and most qualified nonprofit professionals in Alabama. Each month over 40,000 unique visitors visit our Nonprofit Career Center. If you’re an organization looking for employees or an individual seeking employment in the nonprofit sector then look no further. The AAN Jobs Board is just what you need. To view current job postings click here.

The AAN Market Place is a product and services directory exclusively for AAN Premium and and associate members.

The AAN Marketplace is an excellent resource for Alabama’s nonprofits to find qualified businesses that specifically provide products and services to nonprofits. AAN associate members have a unique opportunity to reach thousands of nonprofits across Alabama and provide them with the information they need.

To post a job, RFP, company information or resume see below.

Need to Post A Job?

Standard level organization members of AAN can post up to four (4) jobs per year while our Premium level organization members can post up to 25 jobs per year. Non-members can also post positions in our Nonprofit Career Center for a fee – click here. Members of AAN needing to post a job should log into AAN Social and access the Employer’s Section of the site. If you have any issues, please contact the Association at (205) 879-4712.

Information Needed to Post a Job:

  • Job Category (see category options below)
  • Job Location
  • Full Time/Part Time
  • Complete Job Description
  • Salary Information
  • How to Apply
  • Deadline Date
  • Contact Info of Individual posting job (this information will not be published on our site)

Need to Post A Resume?

Individuals seeking a position in the nonprofit sector can now post their resume on our Career Center at no charge.

Need to Post An RFP?

Organizations with Premium Level membership now have the ability to post RFPs or scope of work needs in our Nonprofit Career Center. This is a great resource to “get the word out” to consultants and professionals.

Need to View An RFP?

Associate Members have the ability to view all posted RFPs as well as be included in the Business Directory.


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What is An Unincorporated Nonprofit Association, non profit association.#Non #profit #association


What is An Unincorporated Nonprofit Association?

What happens, legally speaking, when a group of people get together and decide to perform some task without filing any legal paperwork or establishing any formal legal structure? Whether they know it or not, they have formed an unincorporated association. Unincorporated association” means an unincorporated group of two or more persons joined by mutual consent for a common lawful purpose, whether organized for profit or not.

Now, if the lawful purpose they ve joined together to accomplish includes earning a profit, their association is automatically a partnership or joint venture for tax and most other legal purposes. For example, if two people get together and decide to operate a food truck, they ve formed a partnership, even if they file no paperwork.

But, if the purpose for the association is to benefit the public some way, and does not include earning a profit, the association s members have formed an unincorporated nonprofit association. People form nonprofit unincorporated associations all the time; often without being aware of it. For example, if you and several of your neighbors get together to help raise funds to keep your local library branch open, you ve formed an unincorporated nonprofit association.

If an unincorporated association s purpose is charitable, educational, and/or scientific in nature, it can qualify as a Section 501(c)(3) organization (also called a public charity). Contributions to Section 501(c)(3)s are tax deductible. If an unincorporated charitable nonprofit has less than $5,000 in annual revenues, it may function as a 501(c)(3) without applying for IRS recognition of its status. However, as a practical matter, it may be difficult to obtain contributions without an IRS determination letter officially recognizing the nonprofit as a Section 5010(c)(3) organization.

An association with over $5,000 in revenue must apply for recognition from the IRS by filing IRS Form 1023. It is not necessary for an unincorporated association to convert to a nonprofit corporation to obtain IRS recognition of its Section 510(c)(3) status. However, the association must adopt written bylaws or a constitution, and include it with its IRS application. It s probably easier to form a nonprofit corporation than to adopt such bylaws or constitution.

The biggest drawback to the unincorporated nonprofit association, and the reason nonprofits often abandon this form in favor of a nonprofit corporation, is that it has no separate legal existence apart from its members. Because it is not respected as a separate legal entity, its members generally can be personally liable for its debts and liabilities. Some states, such as California, give some limited liability to nonprofit association members; but it s not as good as the protection obtainable from a nonprofit corporation. Moreover, unless your state law contains an enabling statute granting such rights entities, an unincorporated association cannot hold or receive property, or sign contracts, in its own name.

Because of these limitations, nonprofit unincorporated associations are usually used to accomplish limited short-term goals, such as raising funds for a library. Nonprofits with long-term missions should usually incorporate. For more on incorporating, see Nolo’s article, Five Reasons to Incorporate Your Nonprofit.


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How the IRS Classifies Nonprofit Organizations, non profit association.#Non #profit #association


How the IRS Classifies Nonprofit Organizations

Non profit association

If you are confused about nonprofit organizations, don t feel too bad. We tend to lump all nonprofits into one heap, when, in fact, there are several types of nonprofits.

The IRS recognizes 27 types of nonprofit organizations in fact. They are, to one degree or another, exempt from federal taxes and many state taxes. And each type is different when it comes to eligibility, lobbying, electioneering and tax deductible contributions.

A separate subsection of the 501(c) section of the tax code rules each type of nonprofit.

With so many kinds of nonprofits, they are hard to avoid. For instance, the daycare where your child may spend his days is a 501(k) nonprofit. The Chamber of Commerce your small business might belong to is a 501(c)(6). And the credit union where you bank might be a 501(c)(1).

However, the most common type of nonprofit organization is the 501(c)(3). These are the nonprofits we most commonly contribute to, volunteer for, and hear about through the media. We most likely think about the 501(c)(3) classification when we do our taxes Was that donation made to a tax-exempt nonprofit charity or not?

Here is a list of many of the most common types of nonprofits that the IRS recognizes. This information comes from IRS Publication 557, your bible if you are considering filing for nonprofit status. Also, IRS Publication 526 provides information about which of these organization can accept tax-deductible contributions.

Check out these publications for more specific information about nonprofit classifications.

501(c)(1)

These are corporations organized under Act of Congress. Federal Credit Unions are a good example of this type of nonprofit. These nonprofits do not have to file an annual return. Tax-exempt contributions are allowed if they are made for exclusively public purposes.

501(c)(2)

These are holding corporations for exempt organizations. That is, they can hold title to the property of an exempt group. They apply for nonprofit status using IRS form 1024. They annually file forms 990 or 990EZ.

501(c)(3)

This is the most common type of nonprofit. It includes organizations that are religious, educational, charitable, scientific, and literary; groups that test for public safety, that foster national or international amateur sports competition; or organizations engaged in the prevention of cruelty to children or animals.

This type of nonprofit applies for its status using IRS form 1023, and files annually Form 990, 990EZ, or 990-PF. Contributions are usually tax-exempt.

All 501(c)(3) organizations are considered either:

  1. A private foundation. These are nonprofits that don t qualify as public charities. Foundations may be sub-classified as private operating foundations or private non-operating foundations and receive some of the advantages of public charities.
  2. Or a public charity. These are the organizations we typically donate to.

501(c)(4)

These are civic leagues, social welfare organizations, and local associations of employees. They promote community welfare, charitable, education or recreational goals.

They apply using IRS Form 1024. They file annually 990 or 990EZ. This type of nonprofit is often confused with the 501(c)(3). But they are very different, especially regarding permissible political activity.

501(c)(5)

Labor, agricultural, and horticultural organizations fit under this classification. They are educational or instructive, with the goal of improving conditions of work, and to improve products and efficiency. They apply by using IRS Form 1024, and file annually form 990 or 990EZ.

501(c)(6)

These organizations are business leagues, chambers of commerce, real estate boards, etc. They seek to improve business conditions. They apply using IRS form 1024 and file annually the 990 or 990EZ.

501(c)(7)

Social and recreation clubs fall into this category. They promote pleasure, recreation, and social activities.


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Utah Nonprofits Association, non profit association.#Non #profit #association


non profit association

SALT LAKE CITY – The Utah Philanthropy Day Steering Committee, chaired by Mike Washburn of Thanksgiving Point with honorary chair Davis Smith of Cotopax.

Non profit association

SOS! Save Our Sector

Over 13 Billion Reasons to be concerned and to take action: Join UNA in Saving Our Sector from the very real dangers created in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (H.R.1). Call your senators and congressperso.

Non profit association

Non profit associationCALENDAR Non profit associationUNA JOB BOARD Non profit associationJOIN / RENEW

News & Updates

Benefit Spotlight

UNA Group Health Insurance Plan

Non profit association

One of the unique benefits of your UNA membership is exclusive access to the UNA Association Health Plan. For over ten years, UNA members have been able to significantly reduce the cost of their medical insurance by joining together to increase their numbers.

UNA is proud to be partnering with Regence to offer a plan with large-group rates to all of our members. This includes a wide variety of plans to meet the specific needs of your organization.

Beehive Insurance administers the plan for UNA; Team Nash also works with us to provide this plan to our members. Contact one of these brokers to get a quote today!


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Starting a nonprofit, Establishment, Nonprofit Management, Knowledge Base, Tools, GrantSpace, non profit association.#Non #profit

Non profit association

Knowledge Base

Non profit association

Starting a nonprofit organization can be an inspiring way to give back to your community and help those in need. However, it is important to understand all of the steps involved in this process before moving forward. Growing and sustaining a nonprofit may take years of effort and a great deal of determination.

The information provided here is intended to offer general guidance on how to form a nonprofit organization. Please note that specific steps may vary for each state, and we recommend consulting with a legal or tax professional for detailed assistance.

Step 1: Do Your Homework

Conduct a needs analysis. Find out if organizations (nonprofit, for-profit, or government) are already doing the same or similar work in your community. It will be harder to get support if you are just duplicating existing services, versus improving or adding to them.

Also find demographic or population data that shows a need for your services, and explain how that need is not being met. Where can I find demographic information about my community?

Know the alternatives. Forming a new nonprofit might be the most complicated way to act on your passion to serve your community. The biggest challenge for most new nonprofits is to develop and maintain reliable income streams. Estimates vary, but most experts agree that less than half of nonprofit startups survive beyond five years. Of those that survive, perhaps one-third are in financial distress.

Consider alternatives that can let you essentially operate as a nonprofit but with far less effort and cost. Thus, you can focus your efforts on serving your community right now while you develop experience and support that will serve you well if you eventually decide to form a separate organization.

Step 2: Build a Solid Foundation

  • Draft your mission statement. Developing your mission statement is a critical first step. It communicates your nonprofit’s purpose, what groups it serves, and how it will serve them. Every decision and action in your organization should support and further your mission. Where can I learn about nonprofit mission statements?

Step 3: Incorporate Your Nonprofit

Why should you incorporate?

  • Having a formal structure will give credibility to your programs and services.
  • The corporate structure limits the liability of the organization’s officers and directors.
  • The IRS requires organizing documents and governance policies and procedures that are usually associated with corporations.

Learn more about how to incorporate your nonprofit. Filings and fees will vary by state. Also note, incorporation registers your nonprofit, but it does not make it 501(c)(3) exempt.

Step 4: File for 501(c)(3) Tax-Exempt Status

Apply for exempt status with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Be aware, the user fee will be $400 or $850, depending on whether you expect your average annual gross receipts to exceed $10,000 annually over a four-year period. It also can take 3-12 months for the IRS to return its decision, depending on how many questions the IRS has about your application. Where can I get help filling out my incorporation and tax-exempt 501(c)(3) paperwork?

Step 5: Ongoing Compliance

  • Register with your state’s agency that regulates charitable organizations and charitable solicitations (usually the Attorney General). If you plan to solicit contributions in other states, you will need to register there, too. Again, registration requirements will vary with each state. Learn more:

Non profit association

Use the Nonprofit Startup Resources by State to view state-by-state nonprofit startup resources such as startup guides, nonprofit associations, legal support organizations, technical assistance, state filing agencies and more! Find your state

Learn more now about starting a nonprofit with our free recorded webinars or tutorials:

We Recommend

Books Articles

Click on book covers to get more info and buy them on Amazon. Find more books articles.


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Starting a nonprofit, Establishment, Nonprofit Management, Knowledge Base, Tools, GrantSpace, non profit association.#Non #profit

Non profit association

Knowledge Base

Non profit association

Starting a nonprofit organization can be an inspiring way to give back to your community and help those in need. However, it is important to understand all of the steps involved in this process before moving forward. Growing and sustaining a nonprofit may take years of effort and a great deal of determination.

The information provided here is intended to offer general guidance on how to form a nonprofit organization. Please note that specific steps may vary for each state, and we recommend consulting with a legal or tax professional for detailed assistance.

Step 1: Do Your Homework

Conduct a needs analysis. Find out if organizations (nonprofit, for-profit, or government) are already doing the same or similar work in your community. It will be harder to get support if you are just duplicating existing services, versus improving or adding to them.

Also find demographic or population data that shows a need for your services, and explain how that need is not being met. Where can I find demographic information about my community?

Know the alternatives. Forming a new nonprofit might be the most complicated way to act on your passion to serve your community. The biggest challenge for most new nonprofits is to develop and maintain reliable income streams. Estimates vary, but most experts agree that less than half of nonprofit startups survive beyond five years. Of those that survive, perhaps one-third are in financial distress.

Consider alternatives that can let you essentially operate as a nonprofit but with far less effort and cost. Thus, you can focus your efforts on serving your community right now while you develop experience and support that will serve you well if you eventually decide to form a separate organization.

Step 2: Build a Solid Foundation

  • Draft your mission statement. Developing your mission statement is a critical first step. It communicates your nonprofit’s purpose, what groups it serves, and how it will serve them. Every decision and action in your organization should support and further your mission. Where can I learn about nonprofit mission statements?

Step 3: Incorporate Your Nonprofit

Why should you incorporate?

  • Having a formal structure will give credibility to your programs and services.
  • The corporate structure limits the liability of the organization’s officers and directors.
  • The IRS requires organizing documents and governance policies and procedures that are usually associated with corporations.

Learn more about how to incorporate your nonprofit. Filings and fees will vary by state. Also note, incorporation registers your nonprofit, but it does not make it 501(c)(3) exempt.

Step 4: File for 501(c)(3) Tax-Exempt Status

Apply for exempt status with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Be aware, the user fee will be $400 or $850, depending on whether you expect your average annual gross receipts to exceed $10,000 annually over a four-year period. It also can take 3-12 months for the IRS to return its decision, depending on how many questions the IRS has about your application. Where can I get help filling out my incorporation and tax-exempt 501(c)(3) paperwork?

Step 5: Ongoing Compliance

  • Register with your state’s agency that regulates charitable organizations and charitable solicitations (usually the Attorney General). If you plan to solicit contributions in other states, you will need to register there, too. Again, registration requirements will vary with each state. Learn more:

Non profit association

Use the Nonprofit Startup Resources by State to view state-by-state nonprofit startup resources such as startup guides, nonprofit associations, legal support organizations, technical assistance, state filing agencies and more! Find your state

Learn more now about starting a nonprofit with our free recorded webinars or tutorials:

We Recommend

Books Articles

Click on book covers to get more info and buy them on Amazon. Find more books articles.


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CalNonprofits Homepage, non profit association.#Non #profit #association


Wine Country Nonprofits Act Fast and in Ways Only They Can

The terrible fires in Northern California remind us of the importance of emergency preparedness, and the importance of on-the-ground networks that can respond to what can’t be prepared for. We’re inspired by these stories, a few examples among many, of nonprofits at work.

Spanish speakers are grateful for the social media and mobile feeds of Sonoma’s La Luz Center.

La Luz Center is a primary hub for Spanish language information on fire-related resources and evacuations. They’re also seeking monetary donations to support the current and future needs of their Latino community clients whose lives and livelihoods have been affected by the fires. They use these funds to help clients apply for disaster unemployment, individual assistance disaster relief funds, and rental assistance referrals and job placement referrals.

La Luz, a family resource center founded to serve the Latino community — especially monolingual Spanish speakers — opened their center to everyone in the area in need of help as a result of the fires. They’ve also been distributing supplies and serving daily hot meals to fire-impacted community members.

2017 Legislative wrap-up: victories, cliffhangers, and question marks

Non profit associationOctober 19, 2017 – This has been a year of turmoil, from the unprecedented shifts in national politics to horrific natural disasters, both here and abroad. As many nonprofits have been working tirelessly on these urgent matters, CalNonprofits has been focused primarily on that narrow but crucial band of issues that crosses all the nonprofit subsectors: issues such as regulation, contracting, nonprofit employment, and filing requirements.

Because this was the first year of a two-year legislative cycle, some bills did not pass out of the state legislature this year, but instead will carry into next year. That’s what happened with AB 1250, a serious threat to nonprofit-government contracting. It was a nail-biting finish that went into the wee hours of the last night of the legislative session. And it was a true example of our collective power, with more than 300 nonprofits joining together to persuade the Senate to push the pause button on AB 1250, at least for now.

That was an important and hopeful step, but we’re not done. We’re already preparing our strategy on AB 1250 for next year’s legislative session. We can be proud that our collective efforts have made a difference for nonprofits – and the people and communities we serve – throughout the state.

Tax Reform isn’t just about the charitable deduction: How it affects you, your community, and your nonprofit

Breaking news: Rep. Mark Walker (R-NC) has just introduced the Universal Charitable Giving Act of 2017 (H.R. 3988), which would allow people who do not itemize their tax returns to take a charitable deduction, with the amount capped at a third of the standard deduction. The details of this bill are likely to change, so stay tuned.

Non profit associationThe budget resolution that the House of Representatives approved last week sets up a procedure for fast-track consideration of tax legislation, enabling the Senate to pass a tax plan with just 51 votes, rather than 60 votes typically required for such controversial legislation.

Tax reform is a big deal and it’s complicated. We have a glimpse of what’s in store in the White House’s Unified Framework for Fixing the Broken Tax Code, a broad outline of proposed changes for both individual and corporate taxes.

We don’t have all the details yet and we don’t understand some of what we have seen. But we do know that it will affect all of us in a variety of ways. Here are some things Californians and California nonprofits may want to pay attention to as the tax reform debate unfolds.

The proposed tax reform package might not reduce your personal income taxes, or at least not as much as you may have hoped.


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Organic Consumers Association #donate #to #charity


#donate eggs

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Front page

On Sunday, September 25, OCA activists joined Greenpeace teams in the U.S. and Mexico to participate in Bimbo’s Global Energy Race. We dressed as bees and crossed the finish lines in Long Beach, Calif. Mexico City and Philadelphia with banners that read: “Bimbo, Cut the Pesticides!”

If we had been protesting a Monsanto or Bayer event, people immediately would have understood the bee costumes. Most people who have paid attention to the news about disappearing bees know that pesticides manufactured by these agro-chemical companies are contributing to bee deaths.

But we were targeting Bimbo, the world’s largest baking company. So spectators and fellow runners wondered what was up with the bee outfits. (Our Mexico City team got a lot more than questions. They were tackled to the ground as they crossed the finish line with their banners).

We explained that, agro-chemical companies like Monsanto Bayer aren’t going to stop making bee-killing pesticides unless food companies like Bimbo stop driving their use. If a company like Bimbo were to clean up its supply chain and stop using ingredients from crops raised with bee-killing pesticides, it would go a long way to addressing colony collapse disorder (not to mention environmental pollution and human health problems).

September 20, 2016

Organic Consumers Association

by Katherine Paul

It’s been about a week since Monsanto and Bayer confirmed their intention to say “I do”—ample time for media, lawmakers, consumer and farmer advocacy groups, and of course the happy couple themselves, to weigh in on the pros and cons.

Reactions poured in from all the usual suspects.

Groups like the Farmers Union, Food Water Watch, Friends of the Earth and others didn’t mince words when it came to condemning the deal. (Organic Consumers Association tagged it a “Marriage Made in Hell” back in May, pre-announcement, when the two mega-corporations were still doing their mating dance).

Predictably, the corporate heads of state last week promoted the proposed $66-billion deal as an altruistic plan to improve “the lives of growers and people around the world.” This week, they told Senate Judiciary Committee members that the merger “is needed to meet a rising food demand.”

Is anyone out there still buying the line that Monsanto and Bayer are in the business of feeding the world? When the evidence says otherwise?

Even if that claim weren’t ludicrous, who thinks it’s a good idea to entrust the job of “feeding the world” to the likes of Bayer, a company that as part of the I.G. Farben cartel in the 1940s produced the poison gas for the Nazi concentration camps, and more recently sold HIV-infected drugs to parents of haemophiliacs in foreign countries, causing thousands of children to die of AIDS?

Last year, The American Egg Board (AEB) was caught in the act trying to sabotage Hampton Creek, a company that markets a plant-based egg-free alternative and a product called “Just Mayo,” an egg-free mayonnaise. Board members view Hampton Creek as a threat to the $5.5-billion-a-year egg industry.

A series of emails, obtained under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) revealed the details of AEB’s vendetta against Hampton Creek and its CEO, Josh Tetrick. (Michele Simon, Eat Drink Politics, reported on the emails, including one in which Mike Sencer, executive vice president of AEB member Hidden Villa Ranch, wrote: “Can we pool our money and put a hit on him [Tetrick]?”).

Now, some of the largest U.S. food producers and their lobbyists, want Congress to shield groups like AEB from FOIA requests. With help from their friends in the U.S. House of Representatives, they’ve attached a rider to the House agricultural appropriations bill that would exempt groups like AEB from FOIA requests.

TAKE ACTION: Tell Your Representative to Stop Big Food’s “Secrecy” Rider!

September 13, 2016

Organic Consumers Association

by Katherine Paul

“This is one celebration you don’t want to miss!”

That’s the message leaders of the Organic Trade Association (aka the Organic “Traitors” Association) sent their members recently, in an email inviting them to the OTA’s 2016 Leadership Awards Celebration at Expo East in Baltimore.

Here’s one thing that OCA and organic consumers will not be celebrating—the fact that the OTA’s “Organic Elite” conspired with Sens. Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.) and Pat Roberts (R-Kan.) to overturn Vermont’s mandatory GMO labeling law, and ensure that food companies will never be required to reveal GMO r eveal GMO ingredients in their products, using clear, on-package labels.

As consumers, we think a lot about food brands and food companies, and pay little if any attention to the associations and lobbying groups that represent those brands and companies. If we think about them at all, we aren’t surprised when groups like the infamous Grocery Manufacturers Association spend millions, illegally, to block GMO labeling laws so they can protect the profits of junk food manufacturers.

We expect better of the OTA. But at the end of the day, when Monsanto’s minions in Congress were on the verge of losing, and consumers were on the verge of winning, it was the bureaucrats at the OTA who stabbed us in the back on GMO labeling.

TAKE ACTION: Contact your favorite organic brands and ask them to stand with you—not Monsanto and Big Food, and not the back-stabbing bureaucrats of the Organic “Traitors” Association!

You buy organic eggs for any number of reasons, probably related to not wanting to support factory farms that mistreat chickens, pollute the environment and produce eggs that are nutritionally inferior.

Unfortunately, not all organic eggs are created equal. You may be surprised to learn that most of the retail grocery chain store-brand “organic” eggs actually come from huge factory farm-type operations that routinely violate USDA National Organic Program (NOP) rules.

How do these companies get away with running fake “organic” egg operations?

In theory, USDA standards for organic eggs dictate that hens should have access to the outdoors. But as a 2015 report by the Cornucopia Institute explains, those standards are unclear and thus open to interpretation.

We would ask you to hound the Big Three fake organic egg producers—but we know they won’t care what you think, as long as stores like Kroger and Target and Safeway and others keep buying up the eggs and slapping their own labels on them.

The only way to make the organic egg industry honest is to get retailers, including the big retail grocery chains like Publix and Giant Eagle and Costco, to stop sourcing their eggs from industrial-scale producers like Cal-Maine Foods, Rose Acre Farms and Herbruck’s. And the only way to do that, is to stop buying the store brands until they switch.

TAKE ACTION: Tell These Retailers: Stop Selling ‘Organic’ Eggs that Actually Come from Factory Farms!


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Ice Bucket Challenge’ Has Raised Millions for ALS Association #donate


#donation buckets

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The New York Times

‘Ice Bucket Challenge’ Has Raised Millions for ALS Association

August 17, 2014

Pete Frates can no longer speak. But in the last two and a half weeks, a video posted on Facebook by Mr. Frates, a 29-year-old former college baseball player, has inspired people like Bill Gates. LeBron James. Chris Christie and Taylor Swift to dump a bucket of ice on their heads and speak out for his cause.

The “Ice Bucket Challenge” has lit social media on fire, raising both money and awareness for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, commonly known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. About 30,000 Americans now have the disease, which attacks nerve cells and ultimately leads to total paralysis, though the mind remains sharp. Life expectancy is typically two to five years from the time of diagnosis.

The stunt goes like this: People make a video of themselves dumping a bucket of ice water on their heads, post it on Facebook, Instagram or other social media sites, and then challenge friends to do the same within 24 hours or donate $100 to ALS. (Many do both.)

People have shared more than 1.2 million videos on Facebook between June 1 and Aug. 13 and mentioned the phenomenon more than 2.2 million times on Twitter since July 29, according to those sites. Donations to the ALS Association have spiked. As of Sunday, the association said it had received $13.3 million in donations since July 29, compared with $1.7 million during the same period last year. It said there were about 260,000 new donors. (With a spate of celebrities and business executives joining in over the past few days and pledging contributions, that number is expected to rise.)

The Ice Bucket Challenge had been making the rounds on the Internet for several weeks before it was tied to ALS. Matt Lauer, the host of NBC’s Today Show, had water poured over his head on July 15 after being challenged by the golfer Greg Norman.

Mr. Lauer said that he would donate money to the Hospice of Palm Beach County. He challenged Brian Williams, Martha Stewart and Howard Stern.

In late July, Mr. Frates learned about the challenge from his friend Pat Quinn. a New Yorker who also has ALS, and wanted to turn the trend into a fund-raiser for the disease.

Mr. Frates nominated himself for the challenge. Instead of having ice water poured on his head — “ice water and ALS are a bad mix,” he said on his Facebook page — he posted a video of himself bouncing his head to “Ice Ice Baby,” the 1989 hit song by the rapper Vanilla Ice. He challenged some friends, and the stunt spread quickly through Boston circles, then across the web until last week when a parade of boldfaced names joined in. (Last week, Mr. Frates again took the challenge. this time having ice dumped on his head at Boston Red Sox’s Fenway Park.)

“Did we ever imagine the level of awareness or the money that is coming in? In our dreams we did,” said Mr. Frates’s mother, Nancy Frates.

There has been a backlash. Some have criticized the campaign for so-called slacktivism, where people will click and post online for social causes with little actual impact on the cause. “There are a lot of things wrong with the Ice Bucket Challenge, but the most annoying is that it’s basically narcissism masked as altruism,” said Arielle Pardes, a writer for Vice. On Slate, Will Oremus urged people to take the “no ice bucket challenge” and just donate the money.

Ms. Frates said that her son, the former captain of the Boston College baseball team, had been “living the life” when he called a family meeting in 2012. He revealed his illness and said that he did not want to whine, but would instead use the diagnosis as an opportunity to positively affect other people’s lives.

The disease has progressed quickly in the past six months. Mr. Frates has lost the ability to move his arms and legs and now communicates through eye-gaze technology, his mother said. He was married last year to Julie Frates, whom he met eight months before he learned that he had ALS. They are expecting a baby in September.

In a video last December. Mr. Frates said: “The story right now goes: You’ve got ALS, have it for a little while, a long while, but either way, the end is always the same. ALS always wins. So in order to rewrite the end of it, we need to raise awareness, money.”

We’re interested in your feedback on this page. Tell us what you think.

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Diagnosing Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes: American Diabetes Association® #giving #to #charity


#blood donation

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Diagnosing Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes

Random (also called Casual) Plasma Glucose Test

This test is a blood check at any time of the day when you have severe diabetes symptoms.

  • Diabetes is diagnosed at blood glucose of greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl

What is Prediabetes?

Before people develop type 2 diabetes, they almost always have “prediabetes” blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.

Doctors sometimes refer to prediabetes as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG), depending on what test was used when it was detected. This condition puts you at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

No Clear Symptoms

There are no clear symptoms of prediabetes, so, you may have it and not know it.

Some people with prediabetes may have some of the symptoms of diabetes or even problems from diabetes already. You usually find out that you have prediabetes when being tested for diabetes.

If you have prediabetes, you should be checked for type 2 diabetes every one to two years.

Results indicating prediabetes are:

  • An A1C of 5.7% 6.4%
  • Fasting blood glucose of 100 125 mg/dl
  • An OGTT 2 hour blood glucose of 140 mg/dl 199 mg/dl

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

You will not develop type 2 diabetes automatically if you have prediabetes. For some people with prediabetes, early treatment can actually return blood glucose levels to the normal range.

Research shows that you can lower your risk for type 2 diabetes by 58% by:

  • Losing 7% of your body weight (or 15 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds)
  • Exercising moderately (such as brisk walking) 30 minutes a day, five days a week

Don’t worry if you can’t get to your ideal body weight. Losing even 10 to 15 pounds can make a huge difference.

Patient Education Materials All About Prediabetes
This two-page introduction to prediabetes is in PDF format so you can download it, print it, and hand it out to patients.

  • Last Reviewed: September 22, 2014
  • Last Edited: June 9, 2015

Articles from Diabetes Forecast magazine:

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