The cold, hard truth about the ice bucket challenge
I look at the camera, hold a bucket of ice water over my head, tip it upside down, post the video on social media and then nominate two others to do the same. Along the way, my nominees and I use the opportunity to donate to the ALS Association, a charity that fights amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also called Lou Gerhig s disease), a fatal neurodegenerative disease. Multiply this activity 70,000 times, and the result is that the ALS Association has received $3 million in additional donations. Via the ice bucket challenge, celebrities and the general public have fun and receive publicity; at the same time, millions of dollars are raised for a good cause. It s a win-win, right?
Sadly, things are not so simple.
The key problem is funding cannibalism. That $3 million in donations doesn t appear out of a vacuum. Because people on average are limited in how much they re willing to donate to good causes, if someone donates $100 to the ALS Association, he or she will likely donate less to other charities.
This isn t just speculation. Research from my own non-profit. which raises money for the most effective global poverty charities, has found that, for every $1 we raise, 50 would have been donated anyway. Giving What We Can fundraises for global poverty charities by encouraging people to pledge at least 10% of their income. For everyone who joins, we ask them to estimate what proportion they would have donated otherwise. Averaged among all our members, that amount is greater than 50% (or $150mn out of $300mn). Given our fundraising model, which asks for commitments much larger than the amount people typically donate, we have reason to think that this is a lower proportion than is typical for fundraising drives. So, because of the $3 million that the ALS Association has received, I d bet that much more than $1.5 million has been lost by other charities.
A similar phenomenon has been studied in the lab by psychologists. It s called moral licensing . the idea that doing one good action leads one to compensate by doing fewer good actions in the future. In a recent experiment. participants either selected a product from a selection of mostly green items (like an energy-efficient light bulb) or from a selection of mostly conventional items (like a regular light bulb). They were then told to perform a supposedly unrelated task. However, in this second task, the results were self-reported, so the participants had a financial incentive to lie; and they were invited to pay themselves out of an envelope, so they had an opportunity to steal as well.
What happened? People who had previously purchased a green product were significantly more likely to both lie and steal than those who had purchased the conventional product. Their demonstration of ethical behavior subconsciously gave them license to act unethically when the chance arose.
Amazingly, even just saying that you d do something good can cause the moral self-licensing effect. In another study, half the participants were asked to imagine helping a foreign student who had asked for assistance in understanding a lecture. They subsequently gave significantly less to charity when given the chance to do so than the other half of the participants, who had not been asked to imagine helping another student.
The explanation behind moral licensing is that people are often more concerned about looking good or feeling good rather than doing good. If you do your bit by buying an energy-efficient lightbulb, then your status as a good human being is less likely to be called into question if you subsequently steal.
In terms of the conditions for the moral licensing effect to occur, the ice bucket challenge is perfect. The challenge gives you a way to very publicly demonstrate your altruism via a painful task, despite actually accomplishing very little (on average, not including those who don t donate at all, a $40 gift, or 0.07% of the average American household s income): it s geared up to make you feel as good about your actions as possible, rather than to ensure that your actions do as much good as possible.
This why Caitlin Dewey, a blogger for the Washington Post who claims that we should praise the challenge for raising so much money, gets it all wrong. The ice bucket challenge has done one good thing, which is raise $3 million for the ALS Association. But it s also done a really bad thing: take money and attention away from other charities and other causes. That means that, if we want to know whether the ice bucket challenge has been on balance a good thing for the world, we ve got to assess how effective the ALS Associations is compared with other charities. If 50% of that $3 million would have been donated anyway, and if the ALS association is less than half as effective at turning donations into positive impact on people s wellbeing than other charities are on average, then the fundraiser would actively be doing harm. It s perfectly possible that this is the case: even though some charities are fantastically effective. many achieve very little. You just can t know without doing some serious investigation.
This isn t to object to the ALS Association in particular. Almost every charity does the same thing engaging in a race to the bottom where the benefits to the donor have to be as large as possible, and the costs as small as possible. (Things are even worse in the UK. where the reward of publicizing yourself all over social media comes at a suggested price of just 3 donated to MacMillan Cancer Support.) We should be very worried about this, because competitive fundraising ultimately destroys value for the social sector as a whole. We should not reward people for minor acts of altruism, when they could have done so much more, because doing so creates a culture where the correct response to the existence of preventable death and suffering is to give some pocket change.
Cannibalism of funding among charities is a major problem. However, there is a solution. The moral licensing phenomenon doesn t always happen: there is a countervailing psychological force, called commitment effects. If in donating to charity you don t conceive of it as doing your bit but instead as taking one small step towards making altruism a part of your identity, then one good deed really will beget another. This means that we should tie new altruistic commitments to serious, long-lasting behavior change. Rather than making a small donation to a charity you ve barely heard of, you could make a commitment to find out which charities are most cost-effective. and to set up an ongoing commitment to those charities that you conclude do the most good with your donations. Or you could publicly pledge to give a proportion of your income.
These would be meaningful behavior changes: they would be structural changes to how you live your life; and you could express them as the first step towards making altruism part of your identity. No doubt that, if we ran such campaigns, the number of people who would do these actions would be smaller, but in the long term the total impact would be far larger.
So, sure, pour a bucket of water over yourself, or go bungee jumping, or lie in a bathtub of beans, whatever. But only do these things if you connect these fundraisers with meaningful behavior change, otherwise your campaign, even if seemingly fantastically successful, could be doing more harm than good.
You might also like: This week, let s dump a few ice buckets to wipe out malaria too
#donate body to medical science
FAQ About Donating Your Body
What is Body Donation?
Body donation is the donation of the whole body after death for medical research and education. Body donation is useful for understanding the human body, for advancing scientific understandings and finding cures for disease and other undesirable medical conditions. Learn more about the ways body donation helps medical science here.
Am I Eligible For Body Donation?
Most people are able to donate their body regardless of their disease or medical conditions. Reasons a person may not be eligible for body donation may include the presence of one or more of these conditions at the time of death:
- Hepatitis B, C or active hepatitis A
- A systemic blood infection
- Body mass index (BMI) of under 18 or over 35 is subjective for decline. Click here to calculate your BMI number .
- HIV or AIDS
- Family disagreement about donation
- Multiple trauma and/or surgical history where a lot of the body was involved
- Live in the continental United States with the exception of Minnesota, (Minnesota requires embalming which invalidates donation).
Is There a Cost For Me to Donate My Body?
Donating your body through LifeLegacy incurs no cost to the donor or their family. The costs covered include transportation from the place of death to LifeLegacy, cremation, sending cremated remains to family and a letter of benefit regarding the donation (if requested).
When Do I Register For Body Donation?
What we used to call donation registration we now call body donation pledge . We feel this language is more honest in expressing that there is more to do, either just before death occurs (when a person is receiving hospice care ) or at the time of passing if death was unexpected.
The most important step in your donation decision is to let your family and/or emergency contacts know you want to do this! Secondly, they would need our telephone number to contact us upon your death for an interview. For more information about making a pledge to donate your body please visit here.
If death has already occurred, please contact LifeLegacy immediately as time is of the essence: 1-888-774-4438.
How Does LifeLegacy Receive Notice That I Have Passed Away?
When a person passes away in their home (for instance), 911 is usually summoned.
Calling 911 will engage a visit from the police, fire and paramedics who will either begin resuscitation procedures or communicate with a doctor to declare death has occurred.
After death has been declared by a doctor, the first responders will find a way to notify your family or emergency contact and ask what your plans were. This is when your family/representative will call LifeLegacy so the donation process can begin.
Once LifeLegacy is contacted of a prospective donor s passing, we make an immediate donation decision and gather additional information about your medical history information. Upon acceptance of donation, LifeLegacy will hire a funeral transport provider or funeral home to transport you from the place of death to LifeLegacy Foundation. For a more extensive answer on what happens after you have passed away visit here.
Can I Arrange To Do Everything in Advance So My Family Has Nothing To Worry About?
Unfortunately with body donation, there is no way to do everything in advance. As part of the donation acceptance decision, we will need to know how and where you passed away along with time of death, etc.
The best you can do is state your intention to donate and let your family know about your wishes. Optionally, it can only help to keep a folder of your medical history information. It does not have to be extensive, just a note of your surgeries, broken bones, major diagnoses and other medical milestones you experience and when they occurred.
We understand and appreciate your tenacity in sorting through your end-of-life wishes now. By investigating your options and making these decisions at this time, you are doing the right thing for your family! Most of the stress experienced by family after a death is when they have no idea what their loved one would have wanted and they are afraid to do the wrong thing.
Will Body Donation Prevent Me From Being An Organ Transplant Donor?
LifeLegacy Foundation works with Organ Transplant Organizations when possible in maximizing the gift of each donation. Donation for both organ transplant and whole body for medical research may be possible depending on the type of organs and tissues recovered for transplant. We value your intention to maximize the value of your donation and will do everything within our power to make this happen.
Can I Have a Funeral or Memorial Service?
Yes, families are encouraged to plan a funeral or a memorial service. If family wishes to have the cremated remains at the funeral, plans should be made to have the service 8 weeks or more after death (cremated remains are sent to family approximately 8 weeks after donation).
LifeLegacy provides all services related to donating your body at no cost however any funeral, memorial service, flowers, obituaries or other services unrelated to donation are the responsibility of the family.
When Are The Cremated Remains Returned?
After donation has taken place, the donor s family can expect to receive their loved one s cremated remains within approximately 8 weeks.
Can I Choose To Not Have My Ashes (Cremated Remains) Returned?
Yes, you can let your family know as part of your donation decision that you do not want any of your cremated remains/ashes returned to them.
Being a nationwide program, can you accept donations from absolutely everywhere in the United States?
We can in most cases but not all. LifeLegacy has been a nationwide* program since 1997 and has established relationships with funeral transportation providers in most areas of the continental United States. Due to the growing awareness and acceptance of whole body donation there are times we are contacted for donation where we will need to find a safe transportation provider. We will do our due diligence to locate one for you if given enough time. For this reason it is recommended to contact LifeLegacy at the time of receiving hospice services or have a life expectancy of 6 months or less to make assurance that everything is in order for your donation to occur.
*Donations are accepted within the continental United States with he exception of Minnesota. In Minnesota a body must be embalmed before leaving the state which invalidates donation to our program.
Is there a free cremation when you donate your body?
Donating your body through LifeLegacy incurs no cost to the donor or their family. The costs covered by LifeLegacy upon donation acceptance include: transportation from the place of death to LifeLegacy, cremation at licensed crematorium, sending cremated remains to family and a letter of benefit regarding the donation (if requested).
Diagnosing Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes: American Diabetes Association® #giving #to #charity
Diagnosing Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes
Random (also called Casual) Plasma Glucose Test
This test is a blood check at any time of the day when you have severe diabetes symptoms.
- Diabetes is diagnosed at blood glucose of greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl
What is Prediabetes?
Before people develop type 2 diabetes, they almost always have “prediabetes” blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.
Doctors sometimes refer to prediabetes as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG), depending on what test was used when it was detected. This condition puts you at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
No Clear Symptoms
There are no clear symptoms of prediabetes, so, you may have it and not know it.
Some people with prediabetes may have some of the symptoms of diabetes or even problems from diabetes already. You usually find out that you have prediabetes when being tested for diabetes.
If you have prediabetes, you should be checked for type 2 diabetes every one to two years.
Results indicating prediabetes are:
- An A1C of 5.7% 6.4%
- Fasting blood glucose of 100 125 mg/dl
- An OGTT 2 hour blood glucose of 140 mg/dl 199 mg/dl
Preventing Type 2 Diabetes
You will not develop type 2 diabetes automatically if you have prediabetes. For some people with prediabetes, early treatment can actually return blood glucose levels to the normal range.
Research shows that you can lower your risk for type 2 diabetes by 58% by:
- Losing 7% of your body weight (or 15 pounds if you weigh 200 pounds)
- Exercising moderately (such as brisk walking) 30 minutes a day, five days a week
Don’t worry if you can’t get to your ideal body weight. Losing even 10 to 15 pounds can make a huge difference.
Patient Education Materials All About Prediabetes
This two-page introduction to prediabetes is in PDF format so you can download it, print it, and hand it out to patients.
- Last Reviewed: September 22, 2014
- Last Edited: June 9, 2015
Articles from Diabetes Forecast magazine:
Connect With Us
Find Us On
a 501(c)(3) recognized charity operating nationwide
The Beethoven Foundation was founded in 2008, by the famous pianist and composer Jan Mulder. He is currently the President (Pro Deo) of the Foundation. We provide free pianos and grand pianos to uniquely talented young people who otherwise would not be able to follow their dreams to become successful musicians. The Beethoven Foudation also gives free grand pianos to Churches in America. Please donate your instrument and we’ll find a happy new home for it!
Tips for Deducting Charitable Contributions up to $5,000.
Charitable contributions made to qualified organizations like The Beethoven Foundation may help lower your tax bill. To deduct a charitable contribution, you must file Form 1040 and itemize deductions on Schedule A.
For more information on charitable contributions, refer to Form 8283 and its instructions, as well as Publication 526, Charitable Contributions. For information on determining value, refer to Publication 561, Determining the Value of Donated Property. These forms and publications are available at www.irs.gov or by calling 800-TAX-FORM (800-829-3676).
JOIN OUR MAILING LIST
2008 – 2016 The Beethoven Foundation
#blood donation statistics
About blood types
As O positive is the most common blood type, all donations are valuable. We encourage you to give whole blood every three months, and if you have time, plasma or platelets in between.
How do blood types work?
You inherit your blood type from a mix of your parents’ genes. There are eight main blood types, organised through two combined systems. These systems are ABO (blood types A, B, AB or O) and Rhesus type or group (positive or negative).
Your blood type is a combination of these two systems. For example, by percentage of population, the most common blood type in Australia is O positive and the least common is AB negative.
Why are blood types important?
When someone is given a blood transfusion, it’s best to give them blood that’s the same type as their own. If that isn’t available, they can be given certain other compatible blood types depending on their own blood type.
Some blood types are ‘universal’, which means they can be given to anyone. O negative red cells can be given to anyone, and are often used in emergencies. AB plasma, positive or negative, can be also given to anyone.
#how do you donate eggs
Why More Women Are Donating Their Eggs
That compensation was an added bonus for Brooke Jones*, 36, who was already fascinated with the idea of egg donation. When she was 24, she also heard an ad for a local fertility clinic that offered free information sessions, and she decided to drop in on one. After hearing from physicians, donors, and recipients throughout the session, Jones was sold. “It was really moving and powerful hearing them talk about the joy they had when they finally were able to have a kid,” says Jones. “I thought, ‘Why not? I have a really healthy family, I went to college, I had good SAT scores, I’m tall—those might be things that would be attractive to recipients.’”
What a Donor Goes Through
Of course, it’s not as simple as just handing over your eggs. The first step includes information sessions, paperwork, and an FDA-regulated screening—complete with DNA testing and a psychological evaluation. “It’s a big decision to pass on your genetic material,” says Kawwass. “This is about going through the implications and making sure you’re comfortable with that.”
Once potential donors are cleared and chosen by a recipient, things get a little more intense. The donor is typically started on birth control to sync her cycle up with the recipient’s, and then comes the ovarian stimulation (or as Jones describes it, “You’re first suppressing your [fertility] and then jacking it up 1,000 times more than normal”). It’s during this time that donors start giving themselves daily hormone injections, which may be difficult for anyone who’s squeamish around needles. “You don’t even feel them going in, they’re so tiny,” says Smith. But that doesn’t mean the process was totally pain-free. “One medication in particular stings a lot when you inject it, but ice helps.”
Oh, and about those hormones—they’re the same ones you would get if you were actually undergoing IVF. “The first one suppresses the signal from your brain to your ovaries,” says Kawwass. “After that, you take the medication to stimulate your ovaries to make multiple follicles—each of which may contain an egg.” The most common side effects from the hormones are a lot like PMS: bloating, tenderness, and of course, moodiness. “We went to get our cars washed, and I was almost in tears,” says Smith. And even though your hormones might be raging, you can’t have sex during the stimulation process and even up to two weeks after the egg retrieval. After all, your body is being pumped with fertility drugs, and it takes a while for your ovaries to return to normal, says Kawwass.
The whole process can also take a physical toll on the body. As the surgery to remove the eggs approaches, some women report discomfort and pain. “I physically didn’t have much trouble until the last week or two,” says Jones. “Then it felt like I was pregnant. I was bloated, in pain with cramps, and not feeling like myself.” Women should also avoid vigorous exercise for a week or two after surgery while their ovaries return back to their normal size, says Kawwass.
About two to four weeks after you’re matched with a recipient, it’s time for the egg-retrieval surgery. “Overall, it’s a very low-risk procedure,” says Kawwass. “Some of the short-term risks are those associated with any surgical procedure and IVF in particular.” That includes bleeding, infection, and ovarian hyperstimulation (a syndrome that occurs when someone over-responds to the fertility drugs; it’s characterized by abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, or tenderness around your ovaries).
What Happens Next
In the days leading up to her first egg retrieval, Smith was a little anxious. “I had never had surgery before,” she says. “And I was nervous about how I would feel when all was said and done and the eggs were gone.” To keep calm, she reminded herself why she was donating and tried to put herself in the recipient’s shoes. “Once I was done with surgery and out of the loopy anesthetic state, I felt immediately really good,” she says. “I knew I had made the right decision.”
But when it comes to long-term implications, there are a few questions left unanswered. “As far as we know, it doesn’t affect long-term fertility and doesn’t have any implications in terms of long-term health,” says Kawwass, though she explains that studies are still being conducted. Another consideration is whether or not a donor’s anonymous status will stay that way. While you can donate eggs to someone you know or even meet the donors you’re matched with, most women (like Smith and Jones) choose to donate anonymously. That means zero contact between the donor and the recipients and no information about what happens to your eggs after they’re donated. But as Jones was told in the information sessions, anonymity laws can change over time. “If one day the kids who have been born by this process get the laws changed, the records could be opened up and they could come find me,” says Jones. “You have to think all of that through. How would I feel if in 30 years someone comes knocking on my door?”
Both Smith and Jones agree that this decision isn’t one to be taken lightly. The process may be more streamlined and lower risk than it was in the past, but patients are still urged to carefully consider their choice before donating. That said, many women see this procedure as an enormous gift that they’re lucky to give. “Knowing I’m OK with this process and can handle it both physically and emotionally, there’s no way I would ever say no when they come back to me and say ‘Hey, are you interested in donating again?’” says Smith.
*Last names have been changed.
#sperm donation money
Things to Consider
Take a Moment to Think About your Decision
Your decision to join our program as a sperm donor is extremely important. We would like you to take a moment to consider the questions below. They may be helpful to you when deciding whether you wish to proceed in becoming a sperm donor.
- Why do you wish to become a sperm donor?
- Do you wish to know if a child is conceived as a result of your donation?
- How will you feel about a child conceived from your donation?
- How is your donation likely to impact on your relationships (partner/family)?
- Which family members and friends will you tell? What will you tell them? How would they feel about this?
As part of the process of becoming a sperm donor, you will need to attend two counselling sessions by a nominated City Fertility Centre counsellor. The sessions are an opportunity to receive information and to have any questions answered concerning the social and legal issues of sperm donation. Counselling is mandatory for all donors and their partners.
If you feel you need more information or just someone to talk with, please feel free to contact our friendly staff to discuss any questions you may have. We are here to help.
Are you Ready to Become a Sperm Donor?
Contact our friendly staff
#cancer hair donation
Donation Frequently Asked Questions
The American Cancer Society is fiscally responsible and accountable to our donors, supporters, and the thousands of patients and families we serve, as we fight to eliminate cancer as a major health problem. With your help, we’re preventing cancer, saving lives, and diminishing suffering from cancer through research, education, advocacy, and service. Get answers to frequently asked questions about donating to the American Cancer Society.
Tax Related Questions
Are donations made to The American Cancer Society tax-deductible?
Yes, monetary donations to the Society are tax-deductible (including donations to events like Relay For Life or Making Strides Against Breast Cancer); however, certain donations in which the donor receives a good or service in return for a donation are not tax-deductible or may be only partially deductible. This would apply to Society programs such as the Cars For a Cure program, Golf Pass programs Discovery Shop purchases.
What is the Society s federal tax ID number?
Federal Tax ID number (also known as an EIN, Employer Identification Number) 13-1788491. American Cancer Society a 501 (c)(3) tax exempt organization.
Monthly Giving Questions
Can I make monthly, automatic donations to the American Cancer Society?
When you pledge to give a specific monthly donation by credit card in an amount you are comfortable with you join a group of committed supporters helping to save 500 lives a day from cancer.
Why should I donate monthly?
Monthly giving to The American Cancer Society is simply the best cancer-fighting investment that you can make it s the most effective and manageable way you can support our efforts to minimize suffering from cancer. Your support funds lifesaving research and provides essential programs for prevention and early detection, patient support, and the trusted information cancer patients and their families need.
When will my credit card first be charged?
All monthly charges occur on the 15th of each month. Your first online gift won’t be charged to your card until the 15th. All subsequent charges will occur on the 15th of each month.
Will I receive verification of my donations for tax purposes?
All monthly donors receive an annual statement reflecting the prior year’s total contributions. This statement is usually mailed in February.
Once I’ve made an online gift, how can I make changes to my account, i.e. change amount, change my credit card number?
What if I need to stop giving? Can I stop whenever I want?
Memorial Giving Questions
How do I make a donation in honor or memory of someone?
It s easy to celebrate the life of a friend or loved one by making a donation to the American Cancer Society in their honor or memory. Simply complete the information in the Gift Type portion of the donation form .
Is the family notified of my donation amount?
No. Once your gift is received, the American Cancer Society will promptly send a card to the honoree or family acknowledging your gift. The amount of money donated through memorial or honor donations is kept confidential.
Do you have family addresses on file?
Due to privacy laws we are not able to keep addresses on file.
How long does it take to receive an acknowledgment card?
Please allow up to two weeks for a paper card to be created and delivered by USPS. E-Cards are typically sent within 24 hours.
Planned Giving Questions
What assets can I use to make a gift to the American Cancer Society?
Generally speaking, during your lifetime you can make an outright gift of cash, securities or other property (e.g. real estate, personal property). Through your will or with a distribution from a retirement plan or life insurance policy, your gift can be designated to the American Cancer Society in accordance with your wishes.
What tax forms do I need to make a planned gift?
To assist you and your financial advisor in structuring planned gift contributions, here is the Form 8283. the Form 8282. and a copy of the American Cancer Society’s tax-exempt letter .
Other Donation Questions
What is the address to mail my donation?
American Cancer Society
PO Box 22478
Oklahoma City, OK 73123
Do you have a matching gift program?
Yes, we do have an Employer Matching Gift Program. You can also call us at 1-800-227-2345 for more information.
What is your refund policy?
Please contact us within 30 days from the date of you donation if you identify an error in the amount of payment or to report unauthorized usage of your credit or debit card. We are available to take you call 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, at 1-800-226-2373.
Can I donate my hair?
The American Cancer Society is not able to accept hair donations; however, there are two organizations that we refer people to that can accept that type donation: Wigs for Kids and Pantene Beautiful Lengths .
Related Donation Topics
Top 10 Questions About
Living Kidney Donation
Q. Why is a kidney transplant from a living donor better than one from a deceased donor?
A. Kidney donation from a living donor provides some major benefits for individuals with renal failure. Data shows that a living donor kidney not only functions better, but it lasts longer. Overall, benefits of a living donor transplant include:
Better long term transplant kidney survival;
Faster access to transplantation;
A reduced risk of rejection.
Q. What does it take to be a kidney donor?
A. A living kidney donor is usually between ages 18 to 65 and in excellent health. Donors over age 65 are considered on a case by case basis. Individuals interested in being a living donor at Sutter Health CPMC in San Francisco can start the process by completing our online health history questionnaire Opens new window (this requires your weight and height, so please obtain those figures prior to completing the questionnaire). If you are an acceptable donor, we will contact you to schedule a 2-day donor evaluation in San Francisco.
Q. What might rule out someone as a kidney donor?
A. A history of heart disease, chronic lung or liver disease, kidney disease, hypertension, diabetes, cancer or untreated psychiatric disease is usually a contraindication to donating (i.e. the donor candidate is ruled out ). Smoking, obesity and other health issues are considered on an individual basis.
Q. What does kidney transplant surgery involve?
A. The surgical procedure to remove a kidney from the donor is called a donor nephrectomy and takes approximately 2-3 hours. Surgeons primarily use a minimally invasive technique, using 3 small incisions to insert instruments and a slightly larger incision (
8 cm in length) to remove the donor’s kidney. Typically donors spend 2-3 days in recovery before being discharged from the hospital.
Q. What risks are there to kidney donors?
A. Once a living donor candidate has been completely evaluated and cleared, the chance of the donation affecting his/her lifespan or lifestyle is extremely low. With any surgery and anesthesia, however, there are risks. Nationally, the risk of having a life-threatening problem with donating a kidney is 1 in 3,000. The risk of minor complications such as a minor wound infection is about 2-4%.
Q. What is recovery like?
A. Because the kidney donor operation is a major surgical procedure, donors find they have less energy and need about 4-6 weeks to return to their full pre-surgical activity level. For donors who worked prior to surgery, disability coverage allows 6 weeks off for recovery; however, some donors return to work before this time.
Q. Who pays for a donor’s medical costs?
A. All expenses for the medical work-up and transplant surgery are covered by the recipient’s health insurance. In considering donation, candidates need to consider additional expenses such as:
Travel to California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco
Parking, lodging, gas, bridge tolls and other incidentals
Lost wages if sick time or short-term disability from work is not available.
Our financial coordinator and social workers can discuss your specific circumstances in more detail.
Q. What is the long-term outcome for kidney donors?
A. The New England Journal of Medicine and Journal of the American Medical Association published long-term studies in 2009 and 2010 analyzing outcomes of kidney donors. One study followed 80,000 live kidney donors dating back to 1994, while the other studied 3,698 individuals who donated a kidney between 1963 and 2007. Results showed:
Donor survival was similar to that of the general control population (people who had not had a kidney removed) matched for age, sex, and race or ethnic group.
The rate of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) was significantly lower in the group of patients who donated a kidney than the rate in the general population (180 versus 268 per million per year).
After donating one kidney (removing 50 percent of the functioning kidney mass), the remaining normal kidney compensates and the overall kidney function (measured in GFR, or glomerular filtration rate) increases to approximately 70 percent of baseline at about two weeks and approximately 75 to 85 percent of baseline at long-term follow-up.
Q. Can a female donor have children after donating a kidney?
A. Women of childbearing age can have children after kidney donation because the donor surgery does not affect their reproductive organs. California Pacific’s kidney team can work with donors to plan a donation time that works best with family planning if needed.
Q. Does a donor need follow-up medical care after donation?
A. Two to three weeks following a donor’s discharge from the hospital, the donor is asked to return to CPMC for a medical exam. Six, 12 and 24 months following donation, donors are asked to complete lab work and a questionnaire. Our team also encourages donors to have regular appointments with a primary care provider.
About California Pacific Medical Center
California Pacific Medical Center, part of the Sutter Health Opens new window network, offers kidney, pancreas, liver and heart transplantation as part of our Barry S. Levin, MD Department of Transplant Opens new window.
Kidney Pancreas Transplant Program
California Pacific Medical Center
2340 Clay Street
San Francisco, CA 94115
Outreach locations Opens new window available throughout Northern California and in Reno.
2014 California Pacific Medical Center. All rights reserved. Sutter Health is a registered trademark of Sutter Health®, Reg. U.S. Patent. & Trademark office.
#donating cord blood
NHS Cord Blood Bank
Cord blood is the blood that remains in the placenta and umbilical cord after a baby is born. It is rich in stem cells, which can help to cure many life threatening diseases.
The stem cells found in cord blood restore the function of the patient s immune and blood producing systems. It is an alternative to using bone marrow, with the advantage of being immediately available when required.
Following the birth of a baby, the placenta and umbilical cord are usually thrown away along with these life saving stem cells.
Register now if you are interested in donating your cord blood.
A stem cell, as seen under a microscope.
Photo: Steve Gschmeissner/Science photo library.
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Cord blood saved my life
Find out why Cody needed a Cord Blood Donation when she was just 16 months old.
Where can I donate?
Cord blood can be donated at Barnet General Hospital, Northwick Park Hospital, Luton Dunstable Hospital, St George s Hospital, Watford General Hospital and University College Hospital.
Register now to donate